Chances are that you probably know someone who has affected by cancer. It is one of the leading causes of death in the United States and shows no signs of slowing down. So what causes cancer and can you avoid getting it?
The simple answer is that cancer is a result of damaged genes. Genes can be damaged by exposure to cancer-causing substances. Genes can also become damaged due to genetic factors. Sometimes, cancer can be hereditary, so it’s important that those who have family members with cancer get themselves checked too. Luckily, genetic testing for cancer has improved, so medical staff are able to search for any cancerous genes to see if you are at risk.
However, while scientists have narrowed down this information so far, there are still plenty of cases out there which they are unable to pinpoint is due to one single cause.
Cancer still remains very much a mystery in many ways. However, research does show that while you may not be able to eliminate your risk of developing cancer altogether, there are ways to reduce your risks.
When it comes to the factors that put you most at risk, here are the people who are most susceptible to developing cancer.
People Who Don’t Get Screened
Getting regular cancer screenings will help your doctor find and treat cancer early before you start developing symptoms. Detecting cancer early is crucial because it’s much easier to treat.
Failing to diagnose cancer may result in the cancer spreading, which is much harder to treat.
Smokers and Their Loved Ones
Unless you’re living under a rock, you’ve probably heard by now that smoking cigarettes leads to cancer. Each time that you smoke a cigarette, hundreds of toxic carcinogens are released into your lungs and into those around you.
Cigars aren’t any different. One large cigar can release the same amount of chemicals as an entire burning pack of cigarettes.
Smoking doesn’t only put you the smoker at risk but everyone around you. Even low levels of carcinogens released from cigarettes can result in serious damage to your health. There is no such thing as a “safe amount” when it comes to cigarette smoke.
Being overweight isn’t just a question of aesthetics. All of those extra fat cells produce excessive estrogen levels and stimulate cell growth. In some cases, abnormal cell growth.
Obesity is linked to just about every form of cancer. When you look at the fact that one out of every three U.S. citizens is obese, it’s no wonder why cancer rates are so high.
People Who Are Overexposed To The Sun
Too much sun is far from being a good thing. It’s important that you apply sunscreen every single day, even when it’s cloudy. UV rays can still sneak through the clouds, so you should apply an SPF 30 or higher.
When in extreme sun conditions, you should reapply your sunblock every hour and try to stay in the shade as much as possible.